How Did Czechoslovakia Feel About The Munich Agreement

An agreement was reached on 29 September and.m on 30 September 1938, Adolf Hitler, Neville Chamberlain, Benito Mussolini and Edouard Daladier signed the Munich Agreement. The agreement was officially put in place by Mussolini, while the Italian plan was almost identical to Godesberg`s proposal: the German army was to complete the occupation of the Sudetenland by 10 October and an international commission should decide the future of other controversial territories. It is all the more remarkable and perhaps more moving that Wells joined the ranks of literary figures to speak publicly in favour of Czechoslovakia in September, and when war was indeed threatening. Bertolt Brecht sent a telegram to the President of the Republic with the only sentence: “Fight, and those who whistle will join the fight with you.” British writers, including H. G. Wells, W. H. Auden, Eric Ambler and A. Milne were among the most prominent names, proposing: “It is not only Czechoslovakia that is under attack, but democracy, peace and civilization throughout the world. That is the very foundation of culture. That is why we writers have the right to publish this appeal to the defence of these values and their vulnerable representatives and to the defence of the Czechoslovakian people.

Thomas Mann came to the pen and the pulpit to defend his surrogate home, proclaimed his pride in being a Czechoslovakian citizen and praised the achievements of the Republic. He attacked a “Europe ready for slavery” and wrote that “the Czechoslovakian people are ready to fight for freedom beyond their own destiny.” On 26 September, the Nobel laureate addressed an enthusiastic audience at Madison Square Garden in New York: “It is too late for the British government to save peace. You`ve missed too many opportunities. Now it is the people`s turn. Hitler must fall! Only that can keep the peace!¬†Czechoslovakia was informed by Great Britain and France that it could either oppose Nazi Germany or submit to the prescribed annexes. The Czechoslovakian government single-purposely acknowledged the desperation of the fight against the Nazis, reluctantly capitulated (30 September) and agreed to abide by the agreement.